ارزیابی بالینی تاثیر عصاره هیدروالکلی گیاه علف چای (Hypericum perforatum) در بهبودی ضایعات دهانیِ بیماری تب برفکی در گاو

نوع مقاله : مقاله علمی پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشیار گروه علوم درمانگاهی، دانشکده دامپزشکی، دانشگاه تبریز، تبریز، ایران.

2 دانش‌آموخته دکترای حرفه‌ای، دانشکده دامپزشکی، دانشگاه تبریز، تبریز، ایران.

3 دانشیار گروه علوم پایه، دانشکده دامپزشکی، دانشگاه تبریز، تبریز، ایران.

4 دانشیار گروه پاتوبیولوژی، دانشکده دامپزشکی، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران.

10.30495/jvcp.2021.1923074.1299

چکیده

شکل­گیری طاول و زخم­ها­ی شدید در محوطه­ دهانی گاوهای مبتلا به تب برفکی و کافی نبودن روش­هـای درمانی موجود، معمولاً خسارات زیادی را به گله­های درگیر وارد می­کند. عصاره گیاه علف چای یا گل راعی (Hypericum perforatum) و ماده موثره هایپریسین موجود در آن، در شرایط آزمایشگاهی به عنوان سرکوبگر تکثیر ویروس تب برفکی مطرح شده­ و همچنین نقش موثری در بهبود انواع زخم­ها داشته­است. مطالعه حاضر با هدف بررسی اثرات درمانیِ عصاره گیاه مذکور بر ضایعات دهانی ناشی از بیماری تب­برفکی در گاوهای مبتلا انجام گرفت. بدین منظور، تعداد 72 رأس گاو مبتلا به بیماری مذکور (36 رأس در سه گروه تیمار 12 تایی و 36 رأس در سه گروه شاهد 12 تائی)، در سه کانون درگیری در استان آذربایجان­غربی انتخاب شدند. تعیین سروتیپ به روش تثبیت کمپلمان، حاکی از درگیری دام‌های مورد مطالعه با سروتیپ O ویروس تب برفکی بود. گل راعی به روش خیساندن عصاره­گیری شده، غلظت‌های 25/0، 5/0 و 5 درصد از عصاره هیدروالکلی آن تهیه شد. در گروه­های شاهد از سرم فیزیولوژی و در گروه­های تیمار از عصاره با غلظت های مذکور به صورت اسپری دهانی (روزی دو بار به مدت 4 روز) استفاده شد. دام های تیمارشده با عصاره 5 درصد بهبودی چشمگیری در ضایعات دهانی داشته و ترمیم ضایعات در دوره درمان اختلاف معنی داری با گروه­ شاهد داشت (05/0>p ). نتایج حاکی از این بود که اسپری عصاره 5 درصد گل راعی بر روی ضایعات دهانی ناشی از بیماری تـب برفکـی، اثرات بهبودی قابل توجهی دارد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Clinical evaluation of the effect of hydroalcoholic extract of Hypericum perforatum on the healing of oral lesions of Foot and mouth disease in cattle

نویسندگان [English]

  • mohammad tolouei 1
  • amir daneshvar 2
  • hosein tayefi-nasrabadi 3
  • omid madadgar 4
1 Associate Professor, Department of Clinical Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran.
2 DVM, Graduate, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran.
3 Associate Professor, Department of Basic Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran.
4 Associate Professor, Department of Pathobiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Excessive blisters and sores on the mouth of affected cattle with Foot-and-Mouth disease and so usually insufficient existing therapeutic methods, lead to extensive damages to the affected herds. The extract of Hypericum perforatum and its active ingredient, Hypericin, have inhibitory effects on the adsorption ability of Foot-and-Mouth virus to host cells in vitro. The medicinal plant has effective role on healing the kinds of wounds also. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of H. perforatum extract on the healing of FMD oral lesions in affected cattle.
In this study, 72 affected cattle (36 heads in 3 treatment groups of 12 and 36 heads in 3 control groups of 12) from 3 conflict centers in West-Azarbaijan were selected. Determination of serotype by complement fixation method indicated that the studied animals were infected with serotype O of FMD. Dry aerial parts of H. perforatum were extracted with maceration method and 0.25, 0.5 and 5% concentrations of hydroalcoholic extract were prepared. In control groups, physiological serum and in treatment groups, the extract with the mentioned concentrations was used as an oral spray (twice a day for 4 days). Cattle treated with 5% extract had a significant improvement in oral lesions and lesion repair during treatment period was significantly different from the control groups (p < 0.05). The results showed that spraying 5% of H. perforatum extract had significant healing effects on oral lesions caused by FMD.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Foot and Mouth Disease
  • cattle
  • mouth lesions
  • Treatment
  • Hypericum Perforatum
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