تاثیر افزودن مکمل‌های موننسین، مخمر، سلنوپروتئین و ‌سلنیت سدیم در دوره فلاشینگ روی برخی عناصر خونی و جنسیت بره‌های متولدشده در میش قزل

نوع مقاله: علمی پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانش‌آموخته کارشناسی ارشد گروه علوم دامی، دانشگاه تبریز، تبریز، ایران.

2 دانشیار گروه علوم دامی، دانشگاه تبریز، تبریز، ایران.

چکیده

برخی از یون­های جیره می­توانند نفوذ اسپرم با نوع خاصی ازکروموزوم را در لایه­های اطراف تخمک، تسهیل نموده و باعث تغییر نسبت جنسی فرزندان شوند. برای بررسی این امر، 66 میش قزل در شش گروه آزمایشی (هر گروه 11 رأس) مورد استفاده قرار گرفتند: تیمارها مشتمل برگروه A­به­عنوان شاهد (جیره پایه)، گروه B (فلاشینگ جو)، گروه C (فلاشینگ جو+ مکمل ویتامین E + سلنیوم آلی)، گروه ­D (فلاشینگ جو+ مکمل ویتامین E + سلنیوم معدنی)، گروه E (فلاشینگ جو+ موننسین) و گروه F (فلاشینگ جو+ مخمر) بودند. گوسفندان به مدت 5 هفته (دو هفته قبل و سه هفته بعد از جفت­گیری) جیره­های آزمایشی را دریافت کردند. عناصر منیزیم، کلسیم، سدیم و پتاسیم سرم اندازه­گیری شدند. نتایج نشان داد که میش­های گروه­های C وD  دارای کمترین میزان کلسیم و منیزیم و بیشترین میزان سدیم و پتاسیم سرم در زمان استروس و 21 روز پس از جفت­گیری بودند (01/0p

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effect of monensin, yeast, selenoprotein and sodium selenite supplementation in flushing period on some blood elements and sexuality of newborn lambs in Ghezel ewes

نویسندگان [English]

  • s Saedi 1
  • H Daghigh Kia 2
  • L Ahmadzadeh 1
  • A Hosseinkhani 2
1 MSc Graduate Student, Department of Animal Science, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran.
2 Associate Professor, Department of Animal Science, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Some dietary ions can facilitate the penetration of certain types of spermatic chromosomes in the layer surrounding the oocyte to change the sex ratio of newborn lambs. To check this, 66 Ghezel ewes were used in six groups (11 in each group): Treatments consisted of group A as a control (basal diet), group B (flushing with barley grain), group C (flushing with barley grain+vitamin E+organic selenium), group D (flushing with barley grain+vitamin E+mineral selenium), group E (flushing with barley grain+monensin) and group F (flushing with barley grain+yeast). Ewes received experimental diets for 5 weeks (two weeks before and three weeks after mating). Magnesium, calcium, sodium and potassium of serum were measured. The results showed that ewes in groups C and D had the lowest level of calcium and magnesium and highest level of sodium and potassium in the time of estrous and 21 days after mating (p

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • flushing
  • Lamb sex
  • Ghezel ewe
  • Beckett, S., Lean, I., Dyson, R., Tranter, W. and Wades, L. (1998). Effects of monensin on the reproduction, health and milk production of dairy cows. Journal of Dairy Science, 81(6): 1563-1573.
  • Behnam-Rassouli, M., Aliakbarpour, A., Hosseinzadeh, H., Behnam-Rassouli, F. and Chamsaz, M. (2010). Investigating the effect of aqueous extract of Chicorium intybus L. leaves on offspring sex ratio in rat. Phytotherapy Research, 24(9): 1417-1421.
  • Bird, E. and Contreras, R.J. (1986). Maternal dietary sodium chloride levels affect the sex ratio in rat litters. Physiology and Behavior, 36(2): 307-310.
  • Bolet, G., Gueguen, L., Dando, P. and Olivier, L. (1982). Influence of mineral diet of the sow on the sex ratio of the newborn. Reproduction Nutrition Development, 22(6): 1073-1081.
  • Cameron, E.Z. (2004). Facultative adjustment of mammalian sex ratios in support of the Trivers–Willard hypothesis: evidence for a mechanism. Proceeding of the Royal Society of London B, 271: 1723-1728.
  • Celik, K., Serbest, S., Vurur, S., Pala, A. and Daglioglu, K. (2003). Experiments to investigate the factors that affect the rate of sex constitution. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition, 2(4): 238-241.
  • Chandraju, S., Beirami, A. and Chidan Kumar, C.S. (2012). Impact of Calcium and Magnesium Ions in Identification of Offspring Gender in Rats. International Journal of Pharmaceutical, Chemical and Biological Sciences, 3(1): 19-24.
  • E­l-Shahat, K.H. and Abdel Monem, U.M. (2011). Effects of dietary supplementation with vitamin e and /or selenium on metabolic and reproductive performance of Egyptian Baladi ewes under subtropical conditions. World Applied Sciences Journal, 12(9): 1492-1499.
  • Galip, N. (2006). Effect of supplemental yeast culture and sodium bicarbonate on ruminal fermentation and blood variables in rams. Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition, 90(11): 446-452.
  • Garcia, C.C.G., Mendoza, M.G.D., Gonzalez, M.S., Cobos, P.M., Ortega, C.M.E. and Ramirez, L.R. (2000). Effect of a Yeast Culture (Saccharomyces Cerevisiae) and Monensin on Ruminal Fermentation and Digestion in Sheep. Animal Feed Science and Technology, 83(2): 165-170.
  • Grant, V.J. (2007). Could maternal testosterone levels govern mammalian sex ratio deviations?  Journal of Theoretical Biology, 246(4): 708-719.
  • Greene, L.W., May, B.J., Schelling, G.T. and Byers, F.M. (1988). Site and Extent of Apparent Magnesium and Calcium Absorption in Steers Fed Monensin. Journal of Animal Science, 66(11): 2987-2991.
  • Köhrle, J., Jakob, F., Contempré, B. and Dumont, J.E. (2005). Selenium, the Thyroid, and the Endocrine System. Endocrine Reviews, 26(7): 944-84.
  • Larson, M.A., Kimura, K., Kubisch, H.M. and Roberts, R.M. (2001). Sexual dimorphism among bovine embryos in their ability to make the transition to expanded blastocyst and in the expression of the signaling molecule IFN-tau. Proceeding of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA, 98(17): 9677-9682.
  • Lee, D.B.N., Brautbar, N. and Kleeman, C.R. (1981). Disorders of Phosphorus Metabolism. In: Disorders of Mineral Metabolism. USA: New York, Ny, Academic Press, 3: 283-421.
  • Mitra, J. and Chowdhury, M. (1989). Glycerylphosphorylcholine diesterase activity of uterine fluid in conditions inducing secondary sex ratio change in the rat. Gamete Research, 23(4): 415-420.
  • Nikkhah, A. Dehghan Banadaky, M. and Zali, A. (2004). Effect of Feeding Yeast (Saccharomyces Cerevisiae) on Productive Performance of Lactating Holstein Dairy Cow. Iranian Journal of Agriculture Science, 35: 53-59.  
  • O'conner, A.M. and Beede, D.K. (1986). Effects of Lasalocid and Monensin on in vitro apparent absorption of magnesium and sodium by duodenal tissue in ussing chambers. Journal of Animal Science, 63(1): 447 (Abs.).
  • Rae, M.T., Kyle, C.E. Miller, D.W., Hammond, A.J., Brooks, A.N. and Rhind, S.M. (2002). The effects of undernutrition, in utero, on reproductive function in adult male and female sheep. Animal Reproduction Science, 72(1): 63-71.
  • Rooke, J.A., Robinson, J.J. and Arthur, J.R. (2004). Effect of vitamin e and selenium on the performance and immune status of ewes and lambs. Journal of Agriculture Science, 142(3): 253-262.
  • Rosenfeld, C.S. and Roberts, R.M. (2004). Maternal diet and other factors affecting offspring sex ratio: a review. Biology of Reproduction, 71: 1063-1070.
  • Taghipoor, B., Seifi, H.A., Mohri, M., Farzaneh, N. and Naserian, A.A. (2011). Effect of prepartum administration of monensin on metabolism of pregnant ewes. Livestock Science, 135(2): 231-237.
  • Vahidi, A.R. and Sheikhha, M.H. (2007). Comparing the effects of sodium and potassium diet with calcium and magnesium diet on sex ratio of rats' offspring. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition, 6(1): 44-48.
  • Van Assche, F.A., Holemans, K. and Aerts, L. (2001). Long-term consequences for offspring of diabetes during pregnancy. British Medical Bulletin, 60(1): 173-182.